Central African Republic Independence Day
13th August 1960 Independence day
The Central African Republic (CAR) is bordered by Chad to the north, Sudan to the northeast, South Sudan to the southeast, the Republic of the Congo to the south, the Republic of the Congo to the west, and Cameroon to the west. CAR covers an area of approximately 620,000 square kilometers (240,000 square miles) and has an estimated population of approximately 4.7 million in 2018. By 2020, CAR is a scene of civil war, which has been going on since 2012. Most of the CAR consists of Sudanese-Guyanese savannas, but the country also includes an easy-Sudanese zone in the north and an equatorial forest zone in the south. Two-thirds of the country is in the Obigi Basin (which flows into the Congo), while the other third is in the Cheri Basin, which flows into Lake Chad. What is it today?
The Central African Republic has been inhabited for thousands of years. However, the country’s current borders were established by France, which ruled the country as a colony in the late 19th century. Since gaining independence from France in 1960, the Central African Republic has been ruled by a number of authoritarian leaders, including a monarchy. Ange Angel-Felix Potassi became president but was later ousted in a 2003 coup by General Francois Bozize. The Central African Republic’s Bush War began in 2004 and, despite a peace agreement in 2007 and 2011, the civil war resumed in 2012, maintaining the country’s poor human rights record, with various characteristics. Participating in armed groups are characterized by widespread and growing abuses. Arbitrary imprisonment, violence, and restrictions on freedom of the press and the freedom movement.